Bukanel [bu ka ˈnɛl] is a province of Xurno in the far west, up to the Diqun Bormai, and including the headwaters of the Idéis and the Piki. Its natural communications are downriver to Niormen or north along the mountains into Bolon.
Ecologically, Bukanel is an extension of the Barbarian Plain, and its population has always been largely pastoral.
The Bucair, a branch of the Karazi peoples, spilled into the region around 1000, pushing the Čia-Ša southward into the Xoranas, and giving the region its name. For centuries they coexisted fairly peacefully with the Axunemi, often wintering in the hills of Niormen and trading horses, leather, and dairy products for grain and manufactures; they also picked up Axunemi writing and titles.
In bad times they would raid and pillage, and in the 1320s the general-governor of Čiqay, Čejiras, mounted a series of punitive raids against them. The Bucair agreed to keep to their territory, but Čejiras came to admire them and began to hire them as cavalry. In 1327 the emperor ordered his retirement; Čejiras immediately sought to take power himself. The Bucair learned much from the civil war, and in the 1400s they began to make an empire for themselves. By the early 1600s they had conquered much of Niormen and northern Jeor.
In 1620 the Bucair were divided by civil war; the Axunemi emperor Bijereis took the opportunity to recapture the lower Idéis. This reunited the Bucair and ignited a long and inconclusive war which did much to hasten the collapse of Axunai. In the 1720s Jinayzu rebelled, and later on Rajjay liberated the rest of Niormen.
The age of barbarism
Around 1950 another Karazi people, the Sainor, began pushing south into Bukanel. For some time they didn't advance farther than the Idéis, but in 2186, themselves pushed by the Coruo, they conquered the rest of Bukanel. The Axunemi mounted a major offensive against the Sainor (by 2310), which freed the Bucair as well; but now the Naviu started pushing south from the Barbarian Plain.
The Gelyet united the Naviu (2470) and within twenty years had conquered the entire Barbarian Plain, Bukanel, and the Idéis and Xengi valleys. The Bucair effectively disappear from history at this time, but are presumed to have melted into the Sainor and moved east with them.
The Gelyet were beaten back by the new Axunaic state of Xurno starting in 2530. They left the hilly fringe of Xengiman alone till the late 2600s, when Bukanel was occupied. The weaker emperors of the 2800s lost it again; the population was now Eluyet, a subgroup of Naviu. Around 3000 another group, the Seia, were pushed out of the western Barbarian Plain into Bolon and thence into Bukanel.
In the late 3200s Xurno began to establish its authority over the area. There had long been a number of Xurnese settlers in the river valleys; more settlers were brought in, and the town of Nimala was built as an administrative seat. The nomads were not much interfered with so long as they didn't challenge Xurnese rule.