- For the Littoral language family, see Lenani-Littoral; but this article explains the basis for the name.
A littoral is a seacoast zone whose which forms a significant ecological and cultural zone. As Colin McEvedy points out, a convoluted coast is necessary to create a littoral. Assuming closely spaced communities, a more-or-less straight stretch of coast produces seacoast communities which relate more strongly to non-coastal interior communities than to other coastal areas. With a more convoluted coastline, however, communities on the coast may relate exclusively to other coastal communities; indeed, a nearby inland community may also relate to more coastal than non-coastal communities.
A littoral thus comprises an ecosphere, and in human terms, the locus for a distinct culture, whose boundaries are just as natural, though not as visible, as a mountain range. The most significant littorals in the Mediterranean are Greece, the islands, and the Bosporus-- almost all of which were colonized by the Greeks in ancient times.
In eastern Ereláe, there are two littoral zones. The Northern zone consists of the Eärdur delta (where Verduria city is located), the islands and coast of Leziunea (modern Ismahi and Azgami), Flora, and Kebri. In ancient times the littoral was first exploited by the Meťaiun, and in imperial times by the Verdurians. In modern times the littoral was first dominated by Kebri, but now by Verduria.
The Southern zone is much larger, and consists of Skouras, the east coast of the Mnau peninsula, the entire Gelihur peninsula, and a large array of islands extending all the way to Luduyn. The pioneers here were the Jei, but they were soon eclipsed by the Skourenes, who colonized the entire littoral, except for a few islands too close to Axunemi territory. The Tžuro conquest resulting in the loss of the northern portion of the littoral, but partly converted the Tžuro into a littoral culture.