|Native name||kusni maind|
|Writing system||syllabary + radicals|
|Info available||full grammar|
Old Skourene is a conventional name for the Lenani-Littoral language of Skouras in ancient times (fl. 300-900). Its own speakers called it kusni maind (the language of the people) or kusnidor (our language), or by name of their city (e.g. the language of Iṭili)
The language was thus subject to great regional variation. The most prestigious variety was the language spoken in the great cities of the Šinour delta — Engidori, Iṭili, and Imuṭeli — in the classical period of Z.E. 300-900.
In mainland Skouras, Old Skourene ceased to be used after the Tžuro invasion in the XVII century. It has survived in the south and is the ancestor of all the modern Littoral languages, east and west, including Gurdagor— though the remoter areas (Rudeŋ, Jecuor, Šiji) preserve some grammatical and lexical features dating back to sister languages. An example is the name Barmund, which is the equivalent of OS Ṭarmand ‘southern people’.)
Linguistically, Old Skourene is characterized by:
- heavy consonant clusters
- inflection by changing the vowels within an unchanging triconsonantal root.
- most nouns, including everyday words, are derived from verbs; noun roots form a small closed class.
- ergative/absolutive case structure
- no subordination per se; instead, OS uses a wide array of conjunctions.
- to some degree - polysynthesis (simple nouns can be incorporated)