Tžuro language

From Almeopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Tžuro
Native name ista si Tžuro; (ista) šureni
Verdurian šurë
Characteristics
Location Šura
Family Lenani-Littoral
Subfamily Tžuro
Standard Jippirim
Writing system alphabet
Info available lexicon (~190 words)
Sample wordlist
one mo
two ñok
three dej
river jal
town im
people man
big -luj
little -it

The Tžuro language is the Lenani-Littoral language of the Tžuro people in the time of the adoption of Jippirasti, the language of the Jippirasti scriptures (Baburkunim), and the literary language of all modern Lenani and Tžuro speakers. Classical Tžuro has a system of consonantal roots modified by vowel changes, similar to that of related Old Skourene.

The vowels of classical Tžuro are a e i o u. The consonants are p t k b d g č tž j f s š h v m n ñ ŋ w r l. The affricates č tž j are distinguished by voicing offset time (VOT). Voicing occurs latest in č, earlier in , and even earlier in j. Since English voiced consonants have a relatively late VOT, sounds very similar to English j, and j something like nj. The three-way contrast is only present in initial consonants.

The syllable structure of Tžuro is (C)(C)V(C)(C). The language has fewer consonant clusters than Old Skourene.

Tžuro nouns that end in a consonant form their plurals like Old Skourene affixing nouns, namely, by adding the vowel that appears before the ending consonant (lam > lama, asev > aseve, etc.). Nouns ending in a back vowel add -m (jeŋu > jeŋum), while others add -u (fsava > fsavau).

The present-day Tžuro languages are Šureni, Jaešeni, and Fananaki.

Writing system

The Tžuro alphabet is said to have been given by Jippir to Babur. It is perhaps most notable for each syllable being written as a whole. There is a basic shape for each initial, a modification made at the right for each vowel, and diacritics for ending consonants (these do not distinguish voice) as well as a few initial clusters. (The Axunašin syllabary also adds diacritics to indicate final consonants, while Old Skourene separates consonants and vowels, so Jippir may have taken inspiration from these models.)

Tzhuro-alphabet.gif

The horizontal line diacritic shown for ppa is used for any geminate. Also note that the script ignores the second of two vowels in a row.

The basic character shapes are all based on a horizontal line. These can be connected, if the vowels are omitted; this is sometimes done as a form of shorthand, but also to create citation forms for verbs, as the morphology largely involves changes of vowels.